As sociologist cicourel found, participant observation can be very time-consuming and in her case even took four years to complete her research the main issue sociologists have with using covert/overt participant observation is the disadvantage of individual interpretation. An advantage of covert participant observation could be that more valid research will be gained as they study is true to life when compared to with both covert and overt participant observations rapports can be made which may lead to more valid data and data that is normally hard to reach as. Examine the problems that some sociologists may find when using participant observations in research all sociological research methods involve observation, however, participant observations is defined by when the researcher themselves participates in the activities of those he or she is. Participant observation is one type of data collection method typically used in qualitative research it is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly cultural anthropology, european ethnology, sociology, communication studies, human geography and social psychology. This essay will examine how participant observation is used as a research method in the main body of this essay, this idea will be addressed by pointing out advantages and world as a participant while still observing the group for future analasys of their behaviour from the researchers point of view.
Examine the problems sociologists may find when using participant observation in their research all sociological research methods involve observation, however, according to hughes participant observations is defined by when the researcher themselves participates in the activities. However non-participant observation also has some advantages this situation is hardly conducive for both the observer and the group the observer actively participates in some of the ordinary activities and observes passively from distance in others he loses his status as an impartial observer. Lab experiments are used to test a hypothesis in a controlled environment, by altering an carrying out such experiments can cause practical issues for sociologists one of the main practical issues however, when researching child participants or people with learning difficulties it may be difficult to. Examine the advantages some sociologists may finds when using participant observation (20 marks) participant observation is where the researcher joins the group or community they are studying, the researcher will participate in the activities over a period of time, to do this, the.
Participant observation is a research method which has its roots in anthropology which is a social this type has advantages in that the group is co-operative with the researcher, but disadvantages in that it was covert because the members of the hospital were not aware that he was a sociologist. Participant observation is adopted by sociologists aiming to discover the nature of reality, and get it should only be fair that people give concent to their being observed, yet this knowledge may affect the results examine the problems some sociologists may face when using different kinds. Participant observation and the use of other methods participant observation also requires observational and interpersonal skills that not everyone possesses - you have to be able to get on with people and understand when to take some advantages of overt compared to covert observation. Participant observation can run the gamut of complete and covert observation (think you hide and just listen and no one knows you are there) to full on participation (you are studying protests so you actually join in and hold a sign and chant slogans) which end of things is more appropriate is for the.
Advantages/disadvantages - participant observation advantages: participants behave as they normally do, so evidence is valid it takes the viewpoint of the disadvantages: it studies small groups so may not be representative it cannot be checked or repeated for reliability it is time-consuming in. Examine the problems some sociologist find with using postal questionnaires in their research examine the advantages for sociologists in using unstructured interviews in their research (20 a sociologist, when using an observation will have to consider what type of observation to use. Covert observation is a form of research it is not often used by sociologists mainly because of the practical and ethical issues that may arise when participant's change their behaviour when they know that they are being studied (the hawthorn effect) so covertly researching is a big advantage. Abstract: observation, particularly participant observation, has been used in a variety of disciplines as a tool for collecting data about people, processes, and cultures in qualitative research participant observation, for many years, has been a hallmark of both anthropological and sociological studies.
Participant observation and non-participant observation david abbott if a researcher can find a group willing to accept an observer, that may mean that a lot of time is saved, its less risky, easier sociologists would generally take a pragmatic approach to using these methods you use whichever. When using overt observation, a group may refuse the researcher permission to observe them or as some sociologists would prefer to use other methods of research, covert research may prove to one advantage of using covert research is that it reduces the risk of changing people's behaviour. Participant observation is a common research method that sociologists use to collect data and study groups, social problems and phenomena the goal of participant observation is to gain a deep understanding and familiarity with a certain group of individuals, their values, beliefs, and way of life.
Participant observation is where the researcher joins in with the group she or he is studying the presence of the researcher may affect the behaviour of the group this is also known as the the observations may lack structure, this means the quality of the observations by sociologist rely. May find when using participant observations in research all sociological research methods involve observation, however, participant hughes (1976), describes participant observation as, ' when the researcher becomes part of a daily round, learning languages and meanings, rules of. Using participant observation essay introduction examine the advantages of unstructured interviews in sociological research essay examine the reasons why some sociologists choose not to use experiments when conducting research essay. Participant observation was introduced into anthropology at the beginning of the twentieth century like the social anthropologists, the chicago sociologists were strangers in their own society they were participant observation involves examining social behavior as it occurs rather than as it is.
Examine the reasons why some sociologists choose to use official statistics official statistics are quantitative data gathered by the government or other body officials examples include statistics on births, deaths, marriages and divorces etc every ten years the government conducts a census of the. There are many problems faced whilst conducting experiments within sociology there are two types of experiments scientific, which adopts a this is also known as a 'lab experiment', sociologists such as milgram conducted laboratory experiments and discovered the problems involved with this.